Prognosis of Mesothelioma is described by doctors as an overall outlook, which is specific to a patient, depending on how the cancer is expected to progress. Prognosis can either be termed as good, favorable, bad or poor. This helps to determine the available treatment options and also includes recovery prospects. Patients usually want to know how long they will live when they ask for their prognosis.
After the diagnosis of mesothelioma, how long do you live?
After being diagnosed with mesothelioma, most patients usually live for one year. Depending on which stage you are in and how well you respond to treatment, the expected life expectancy for you can be determined.
The patients who are diagnosed at an early stage (usually stage 1 or stage 2) qualify for surgery often and have the best chances of survival. Most of the patients are diagnosed with pleural mesothelioma at an early stage (stage 1) and therefore are eligible to undergo a surgery. After surgery, mesothelioma patients have an average life expectancy of about 2 years (22 months).
The patients who are diagnosed at late stages (stage3 and stage 4) do not qualify for surgery. These patients can only undergo treatment and have a life expectancy of about a year. (14 months)
The rate of survival
The total percentage of people who have survived a certain disease for a certain time period, which is usually 5 years is what is reffered to as the rate of survival. A study conducted by The National cancer Institute, revealed that the rate of survival of mesothelioma patients was 9% between 2007 and 2013.
Prognosis by different types of Mesothelioma
The most common form of mesothelioma is Pleural mesothelioma. However, the expected life span for patients with pleural mesothelioma is not favorable. 40% of patients after diagnosis can live for up to an year. This is because the cancer cells grow on lungs lining, and tumors exert pressure on the chest cavity. This may result in congestive failure of the heart, pneumonia and also difficulties in breathing.
Patients with peritoneal mesothelioma have better chances of survival. The new treatments that have been developed for abdominal cancer like heated chemotherapy have improved long-term life span. Almost 50% of the patients who undergo surgery with heated chemo have a life expectancy of more than 5 years.
The life span for pericardial mesothelioma is usually poor. Less than half of patients survive for more than 6 months. Cases of survival for up to five years have been rarely reported. These cases usually involve surgery and chemotherapy treatment.
This is a type of mesothelioma which is rarest. It has the best prognosis when compared to others. Average life span of patients diagnosed with testicular mesothelioma is two years although some patients can live for more than 10 years.
Mesothelioma Prognosis by Stage
Stage 1 Prognosis
Stage 1 patients of have the best prognosis. No symptoms for cancer are available at this stage. People who look healthy are recommended to undergo aggressive treatment.
The average life expectancy of stage 1 patients with surgery is 22 months.
Stage 2 Prognosis
Stage 2 patients have a better Prognosis compared to late stages patients. There are minimum symptoms of although patients may experience some difficulties in breathing when they exercise.
Survival for 2 years is 38% and 5 years is 10%.
The average survival with surgery is 2-20 months.
Stage 3 Prognosis
The Prognosis for stage 3 patients is more unfavorable. The symptoms begin to appear. These may include breathing difficulty, chest pains, and loss of weight. Average life expectancy for stage 3 patients is 3 to 17 months.
Stage 4 Prognosis
Stage 4 Prognosis is generally poor. The symptoms at this stage become worse. Patients develop fever, difficulties in swallowing, and sweating at night. Average life expectancy at this stage is 4 to 14 months.